Colour data

Colours are special data values which can be provided to certain styling macros, such as (background:) or (text-colour:). You can use built=in named colour values, or create other colours using the (rgb:) or (hsl:) macros.

The built-in values consist of the following:

Value HTML equivalent
red #e61919
orange #e68019
yellow #e5e619
lime #80e619
green #19e619
aqua or cyan #19e5e6
blue #197fe6
navy #1919e6
purple #7f19e6
magenta or fuchsia #e619e5
white #fff
black #000
grey or gray #888

(These colours were chosen to be visually pleasing when used as both background colours and text colours, without the glaring intensity that certain HTML colours, like pure #f00 red, are known to exhibit.)

In addition to these values, and the (rgb:) macro, you can also use HTML hex #xxxxxx and #xxx notation to specify colours, such as #691212 or #a4e. (Note that these are not strings, but bare values - (background: #a4e) is valid, as is (background:navy).) Of course, HTML hex notation is notoriously hard to read and write, so this isn't recommended.

If you want to quickly obtain a colour which is the blending of two others, you can blend them using the + operator: red + orange + white produces a blend of red and orange, tinted white. #a4e + black is a dim purple.

Like datamaps, colour values have a few read-only data names, which let you examine the red, green and blue components that make up the colour, as well as its hue, saturation and lightness.

Data name
r $colour's r The red component, a whole number from 0 to 255.
g $colour's g The green component, a whole number from 0 to 255.
b $colour's b The blue component, a whole number from 0 to 255.
h $colour's h The hue angle in degrees, a whole number from 0 to 359.
s $colour's s The saturation percentage, a fractional number from 0 to 1.
l $colour's l The lightness percentage, a fractional number from 0 to 1.

These values can be used in the (hsl:) and (rgb:) macros to produce further colours. Note that some of these values do not transfer one-to-one between representations! For instance, the hue of a gray is essentially irrelevant, so grays will usually have a h value equal to 0, even if you provided a different hue to (hsl:). Furthermore, colours with a lightness of 1 are always white, so their saturation and hue are irrelevant.