This searches through the given values, and produces an array of those which match the given search
test (which is expressed using a temp variable, the
where keyword, and a boolean condition).
If none match, an empty array is produced.
(find: _person where _person is not "Alice", ...$people)produces a subset of $people not containing the string
(find: _item where _item's 1st is "A", "Thorn", "Apple", "Cryptid", "Anchor")produces
(a: "Apple", "Anchor").
(find: _num where (_num >= 12) and (it % 2 is 0), 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16)produces
(a: 12, 14, 16).
(find: _val where _val + 2, 9, 10, 11)produces an error, because
_item + 2isn't a boolean.
1st of (find: _room where _room's objs contains "Egg", ...$rooms)finds the first datamap in $rooms whose “objs” contains the string
Selecting specific data from arrays or sequences based on a user-provided boolean condition is one of the more common and powerful operations in programming. This macro allows you to immediately work with a subset of the array's data, without caring what kind of subset it is. The subset can be based on each string's characters, each datamap's values, each number's evenness or oddness, whether a variable matches it… anything you can write.
This macro uses a lambda (which is just the “temp variable
where a condition” expression) to check every one of
the values given after it. For
(find: _item where _item > 40, 30, 60, 90), it will first check if
30 > 40 (which
60 > 40 (which is
true), and if
90 > 40 (which is
true), and include in the returned array
those values which resulted in
Of course, if any condition should cause an error, such as checking if a number contains a number, then the error will appear.
The temp variable, which you can name anything you want, is controlled entirely by the lambda - it doesn't exist outside of it, it won't alter identically-named temp variables outside of it, and you can't manually (set:) it within the lambda.
You can refer to other variables, including other temp variables, in the
where condition. For instance, you can
(set: _name to "Eva")(find: _item where _item is _name, "Evan", "Eve", "Eva"). However, for obvious reasons,
if the outer temp variable is named the same as the lambda's temp variable, it can't be referred to in the condition.
There isn't a way to examine the position of a value in the condition - you can't write, say,
(find: _item where _pos % 2 is 0, "A", "B", "C", "D") to select just “B” and “D”.