expression

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expression [2014/07/23 12:35] l [A note about strings and numbers] |
expression [2017/10/10 00:39] (current) |
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+ | <- [[display|Displaying A Passage Within Another]] --------- [[function|About Functions]]-> | ||

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===== About Expressions ===== | ===== About Expressions ===== | ||

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| ''%'' | Modulo (remainder of a division). | ''5 % 26'' (is 1) | | | ''%'' | Modulo (remainder of a division). | ''5 % 26'' (is 1) | | ||

| ''('' and '')'' | Brackets/parentheses (causes an expression to be evaluated earlier). | ''(5 + 10) * 2'' (is 30, not 25) | | | ''('' and '')'' | Brackets/parentheses (causes an expression to be evaluated earlier). | ''(5 + 10) * 2'' (is 30, not 25) | | ||

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+ | ==== A note about modulo ==== | ||

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+ | Modulo may seem somewhat obtuse an operator, but think of it like this: if you had a sequence of numbers: ''0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6...'', and you did ''% 3'' to each of them, they would become ''0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0...'' - that is, a constantly looping sequence. This ability to simplify rising sequences allows you to perform some otherwise complicated calculations easily. See the [[function#visited_string_string|visited()]] function for one such example. | ||

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+ | ==== Strings of text ==== | ||

You can also use **strings** in an expression. A string is a bunch of characters strung together, demarcated by matching pairs of either double or single quotes. You can use strings in expressions: | You can also use **strings** in an expression. A string is a bunch of characters strung together, demarcated by matching pairs of either double or single quotes. You can use strings in expressions: | ||

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Usually, though, there isn't much call for this - numbers are generally as useful as strings.) | Usually, though, there isn't much call for this - numbers are generally as useful as strings.) | ||

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+ | ==== Printing Lists ==== | ||

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+ | If you have a list, you can print the contents separated by a comma like so: | ||

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+ | <<set $myarray = ["this", "that"]>> | ||

+ | <<print $myarray.join(", ")>> | ||

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+ | This will print the following: | ||

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+ | this,that | ||

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+ | If you have specific questions about using lists in Twine, the [[frequently_asked_questions#how_do_i_get_things_in_and_out_of_a_list_variable|FAQ]] may help. | ||

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==== Functions ==== | ==== Functions ==== | ||

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| "Some text", "2", "true", 'More text', '4', 'true' | **Strings**: snippets of text characters that can be [[<<print>>]]ed, joined up, or compared. Note that "2" and "true" resemble other types but are nonetheless strings. | | | "Some text", "2", "true", 'More text', '4', 'true' | **Strings**: snippets of text characters that can be [[<<print>>]]ed, joined up, or compared. Note that "2" and "true" resemble other types but are nonetheless strings. | | ||

| 0, 2, 5, -11, 45.25, Infinity | **Numbers** that can be used in arithmetic calculations. ''Infinity'' isn't really a number, but has the special property that it's always ''>'' and ''>='' every actual number, so you can use it in that case. (The same applies to ''-Infinity'' and ''<''/''<='') | | | 0, 2, 5, -11, 45.25, Infinity | **Numbers** that can be used in arithmetic calculations. ''Infinity'' isn't really a number, but has the special property that it's always ''>'' and ''>='' every actual number, so you can use it in that case. (The same applies to ''-Infinity'' and ''<''/''<='') | | ||

- | | true, false | **Logical values**, created using the logical operators, and commonly used with to the [[<<if>>]] macro. True and false are the only values of this type. | | + | | true, false | **Logical values**, created using the logical operators, and commonly used with to the [[<<if>>]] macro. True and false are the only values of this type. |

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+ | <- [[display|Displaying A Passage Within Another]] --------- [[function|About Functions]]-> |

expression.1406118955.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/10/10 00:37 (external edit)